Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus or mayflower)Epigaea repens, trailing arbutus or mayflower bloom

Genus: Epigaea – The genus Epigaea is made up of three species, E. repens the only one occuring in the United States.
Family: Ericaceae (heath)- Plants in the Ericaceae family all are short, woody shrubs, and are usually evergreen.

Bloom Time: Early spring through May, although we often find trailing arbutus blooming well into the summer.
Bloom Color: White, sometimes with a touch of pink
Plant Height: 30-50cm
Leaves: Alternate leaves with smooth edges, quite thick and leathery to the touch. Evergreen!
Habitat: Found on forest edges or disturbed habitats, trailing arbutus likes well drained soil and a shady (or part-shady) location.Epigaea repens, trailing arbutus or mayflower leaf

Life Cycle: Epigaea repens leaves are evergreen. In the spring small white flowers will appear, oftentimes underneath the leaves. The leaves are replaced by a small white berry later in the summer.

Key Facts:  Epigaea repens is the state flower of Massachusetts. Good choice, Massachusetts!

You can find Epigaea repens in all of the New England states and is stable in all of them.




Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide, Lawrence Newcomb
Wildflowers of New England, Ted Elliman
Flora Novae Angliae, Arthur Haines